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Kubernetes kubectl debug 调试无法 exec 进入的容器

Kubernetes Debug kubectl 大约 3939 字

无法进入容器

有些镜像,像distroless,为了容器的精简和安全,不提供shell,从而exec无法进入容器。

kubectl debug

使用kubectl debug可以开启一个Ephemeral Container临时容器去进行Debug

示例

调试 Pod

kubectl debug test-pod-894cb5d4f-2mpk5 -it --image=busybox:1.34.1

调试 Node

Kubernetes的节点也可以使用kubectl debug进行调试

kubectl debug node/minikube -it --image=busybox:1.34.1

更多使用

PS C:\> kubectl debug -h
Debug cluster resources using interactive debugging containers.

 'debug' provides automation for common debugging tasks for cluster objects identified by resource and name. Pods will
be used by default if no resource is specified.

 The action taken by 'debug' varies depending on what resource is specified. Supported actions include:

  *  Workload: Create a copy of an existing pod with certain attributes changed, for example changing the image tag to a
new version.
  *  Workload: Add an ephemeral container to an already running pod, for example to add debugging utilities without
restarting the pod.
  *  Node: Create a new pod that runs in the node's host namespaces and can access the node's filesystem.

Examples:
  # Create an interactive debugging session in pod mypod and immediately attach to it.
  # (requires the EphemeralContainers feature to be enabled in the cluster)
  kubectl debug mypod -it --image=busybox

  # Create a debug container named debugger using a custom automated debugging image.
  # (requires the EphemeralContainers feature to be enabled in the cluster)
  kubectl debug --image=myproj/debug-tools -c debugger mypod

  # Create a copy of mypod adding a debug container and attach to it
  kubectl debug mypod -it --image=busybox --copy-to=my-debugger

  # Create a copy of mypod changing the command of mycontainer
  kubectl debug mypod -it --copy-to=my-debugger --container=mycontainer -- sh

  # Create a copy of mypod changing all container images to busybox
  kubectl debug mypod --copy-to=my-debugger --set-image=*=busybox

  # Create a copy of mypod adding a debug container and changing container images
  kubectl debug mypod -it --copy-to=my-debugger --image=debian --set-image=app=app:debug,sidecar=sidecar:debug

  # Create an interactive debugging session on a node and immediately attach to it.
  # The container will run in the host namespaces and the host's filesystem will be mounted at /host
  kubectl debug node/mynode -it --image=busybox

Options:
      --arguments-only=false: If specified, everything after -- will be passed to the new container as Args instead of
Command.
      --attach=false: If true, wait for the container to start running, and then attach as if 'kubectl attach ...' were
called.  Default false, unless '-i/--stdin' is set, in which case the default is true.
  -c, --container='': Container name to use for debug container.
      --copy-to='': Create a copy of the target Pod with this name.
      --env=[]: Environment variables to set in the container.
      --image='': Container image to use for debug container.
      --image-pull-policy='': The image pull policy for the container. If left empty, this value will not be specified
by the client and defaulted by the server.
  -q, --quiet=false: If true, suppress informational messages.
      --replace=false: When used with '--copy-to', delete the original Pod.
      --same-node=false: When used with '--copy-to', schedule the copy of target Pod on the same node.
      --set-image=[]: When used with '--copy-to', a list of name=image pairs for changing container images, similar to
how 'kubectl set image' works.
      --share-processes=true: When used with '--copy-to', enable process namespace sharing in the copy.
  -i, --stdin=false: Keep stdin open on the container(s) in the pod, even if nothing is attached.
      --target='': When using an ephemeral container, target processes in this container name.
  -t, --tty=false: Allocate a TTY for the debugging container.

Usage:
  kubectl debug (POD | TYPE[[.VERSION].GROUP]/NAME) [ -- COMMAND [args...] ] [options]
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