Elasticsearch全文搜索query->match

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query->match

curl -X GET "localhost:9200/megacorp/employee/_search?pretty=true" -H 'Content-Type: application/json' -d'
{
    "query" : {
        "match" : {
            "about" : "rock climbing"
        }
    }
}
'

返回:

{
  "took" : 9,
  "timed_out" : false,
  "_shards" : {
    "total" : 1,
    "successful" : 1,
    "skipped" : 0,
    "failed" : 0
  },
  "hits" : {
    "total" : {
      "value" : 2,
      "relation" : "eq"
    },
    "max_score" : 1.4167402,
    "hits" : [
      {
        "_index" : "megacorp",
        "_type" : "employee",
        "_id" : "1",
        "_score" : 1.4167402,
        "_source" : {
          "first_name" : "John",
          "last_name" : "Smith",
          "age" : 25,
          "about" : "I love to go rock climbing",
          "interests" : [
            "sports",
            "music"
          ]
        }
      },
      {
        "_index" : "megacorp",
        "_type" : "employee",
        "_id" : "2",
        "_score" : 0.45895916,
        "_source" : {
          "first_name" : "Jane",
          "last_name" : "Smith",
          "age" : 32,
          "about" : "I like to collect rock albums",
          "interests" : [
            "music"
          ]
        }
      }
    ]
  }
}

相关性得分

Elasticsearch 默认按照相关性得分排序,即每个文档跟查询的匹配程度。第一个最高得分的结果很明显:John Smith 的 about 属性清楚地写着 “rock climbing” 。

但为什么 Jane Smith 也作为结果返回了呢?原因是她的 about 属性里提到了 “rock” 。因为只有 “rock” 而没有 “climbing” ,所以她的相关性得分低于 John 的。

阅读 329 · 发布于 2019-04-25

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