MongoDB集群节点RECOVERING故障恢复

MongoDB大约 4135 字

故障

子节点一直处于RECOVERING无法恢复,子节点日志提示数据太老了,无法从主节点同步。

shard3:PRIMARY> rs.status()
{
    "set" : "shard3",
    "date" : ISODate("2020-06-19T07:07:50.969Z"),
    "myState" : 1,
    "term" : NumberLong(16),
    "heartbeatIntervalMillis" : NumberLong(2000),
    "members" : [
        {
            "_id" : 0,
            "name" : "192.168.1.101:22003",
            "health" : 1,
            "state" : 1,
            "stateStr" : "PRIMARY",
            "uptime" : 6642815,
            "optime" : {
                "ts" : Timestamp(1592550470, 135),
                "t" : NumberLong(16)
            },
            "optimeDate" : ISODate("2020-06-19T07:07:50Z"),
            "electionTime" : Timestamp(1585907679, 1),
            "electionDate" : ISODate("2020-04-03T09:54:39Z"),
            "configVersion" : 3,
            "self" : true
        },
        {
            "_id" : 1,
            "name" : "192.168.1.102:22003",
            "health" : 1,
            "state" : 7,
            "stateStr" : "ARBITER",
            "uptime" : 6642802,
            "lastHeartbeat" : ISODate("2020-06-19T07:07:49.604Z"),
            "lastHeartbeatRecv" : ISODate("2020-06-19T07:07:47.392Z"),
            "pingMs" : NumberLong(0),
            "configVersion" : 3
        },
        {
            "_id" : 2,
            "name" : "192.168.1.103:22003",
            "health" : 1,
            "state" : 3,
            "stateStr" : "RECOVERING",
            "uptime" : 101645,
            "optime" : {
                "ts" : Timestamp(1560585165, 268),
                "t" : NumberLong(9)
            },
            "optimeDate" : ISODate("2019-06-15T07:52:45Z"),
            "lastHeartbeat" : ISODate("2020-06-19T07:07:49.071Z"),
            "lastHeartbeatRecv" : ISODate("2020-06-19T07:07:50.685Z"),
            "pingMs" : NumberLong(0),
            "configVersion" : 3
        }
    ],
    "ok" : 1
}

解决方案

方案一

删除处于RECOVERING的子节点所有数据,MongoDB将自动从主节点同步数据至此子节点。注意:需查看主节点数据量,如果数据量非常大,建议采用方案二。

方案二

对于数据量非常大的情况下,可以选择拷贝一个正常提供服务的集群副本集的节点的所有数据到需要恢复的节点上(注意备份需要恢复节点的历史数据,万一出问题可回退)。

案例

故障简要信息:192.168.1.103节点一直处于RECOVERING

{
    "_id" : 2,
    "name" : "192.168.1.103:22003",
    "health" : 1,
    "state" : 3,
    "stateStr" : "RECOVERING",
    "uptime" : 101645,
    "optime" : {
        "ts" : Timestamp(1560585165, 268),
        "t" : NumberLong(9)
    },
    "optimeDate" : ISODate("2019-06-15T07:52:45Z"),
    "lastHeartbeat" : ISODate("2020-06-19T07:07:49.071Z"),
    "lastHeartbeatRecv" : ISODate("2020-06-19T07:07:50.685Z"),
    "pingMs" : NumberLong(0),
    "configVersion" : 3
}

子节点(192.168.1.103)日志一直输出以下信息,提示数据太老了,无法从主节点同步。

2020-06-18T14:00:06.239+0800 I REPL     [ReplicationExecutor] syncing from: 192.168.1.101:22003
2020-06-18T14:00:06.275+0800 W REPL     [rsBackgroundSync] we are too stale to use 192.168.1.101:22003 as a sync source
2020-06-18T14:00:06.275+0800 I REPL     [ReplicationExecutor] could not find member to sync from
2020-06-18T14:00:06.275+0800 E REPL     [rsBackgroundSync] too stale to catch up -- entering maintenance mode
2020-06-18T14:00:06.276+0800 I REPL     [rsBackgroundSync] our last optime : (term: 9, timestamp: Jun 15 15:52:45:10c)
2020-06-18T14:00:06.276+0800 I REPL     [rsBackgroundSync] oldest available is (term: 16, timestamp: Jun 16 18:56:27:b6e)
2020-06-18T14:00:06.276+0800 I REPL     [rsBackgroundSync] See http://dochub.mongodb.org/core/resyncingaverystalereplicasetmember
2020-06-18T14:00:06.276+0800 I REPL     [ReplicationExecutor] going into maintenance mode with 506583 other maintenance mode tasks in progress

查看主节点(192.168.1.101)数据文件夹大小。

du -h --max-depth=1 /data/mongodb/shard3/data

输出

202M    /data/mongodb/shard1/data/journal
280K    /data/mongodb/shard1/data/rollback
93M /data/mongodb/shard1/data/diagnostic.data
110G    /data/mongodb/shard1/data

由于主节点共100GB左右,故选择清空子节点(192.168.1.103)数据,让MongoDB自动同步数据的方案。

  • 先停止子节点(192.168.1.103)服务:db.shutdownServer()
  • 迁移历史数据做备份:mv /data/mongodb/shard3/data /data/mongodb/shard3/data_backup
  • 启动子节点(192.168.1.103)服务:/data/mongodb/bin/mongod -f /data/mongodb/config/mongod-shardsvr3.conf
  • 等待同步完成。

参考

https://docs.mongodb.com/manual/tutorial/resync-replica-set-member

阅读 89 · 发布于 2020-06-19

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