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Ubuntu 修改 apt 镜像

Ubuntu Linux 大约 5212 字

清华镜像

https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/help/ubuntu/

备份源文件

sudo mv /etc/apt/sources.list /etc/apt/sources.list.bak

编辑源文件

sudo vim /etc/apt/sources.list

添加内容

# 默认注释了源码镜像以提高 apt update 速度,如有需要可自行取消注释
deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ focal main restricted universe multiverse
# deb-src https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ focal main restricted universe multiverse
deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ focal-updates main restricted universe multiverse
# deb-src https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ focal-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ focal-backports main restricted universe multiverse
# deb-src https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ focal-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ focal-security main restricted universe multiverse
# deb-src https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ focal-security main restricted universe multiverse

# 预发布软件源,不建议启用
# deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ focal-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
# deb-src https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ focal-proposed main restricted universe multiverse

更新镜像

sudo apt-get update

报错

如果有提示证书校验问题。

Ign:1 https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu focal InRelease
Ign:2 https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu focal-updates InRelease
Ign:3 https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu focal-backports InRelease
Ign:4 https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu focal-security InRelease
Err:5 https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu focal Release
  Certificate verification failed: The certificate is NOT trusted. The certificate chain uses expired certificate.  Could not handshake: Error in the certificate verification. [IP: 101.6.15.130 443]
Err:6 https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu focal-updates Release
  Certificate verification failed: The certificate is NOT trusted. The certificate chain uses expired certificate.  Could not handshake: Error in the certificate verification. [IP: 101.6.15.130 443]
Err:7 https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu focal-backports Release
  Certificate verification failed: The certificate is NOT trusted. The certificate chain uses expired certificate.  Could not handshake: Error in the certificate verification. [IP: 101.6.15.130 443]
Err:8 https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu focal-security Release
  Certificate verification failed: The certificate is NOT trusted. The certificate chain uses expired certificate.  Could not handshake: Error in the certificate verification. [IP: 101.6.15.130 443]
Reading package lists... Done
E: The repository 'https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu focal Release' does not have a Release file.
N: Updating from such a repository can't be done securely, and is therefore disabled by default.
N: See apt-secure(8) manpage for repository creation and user configuration details.
E: The repository 'https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu focal-updates Release' does not have a Release file.
N: Updating from such a repository can't be done securely, and is therefore disabled by default.
N: See apt-secure(8) manpage for repository creation and user configuration details.
E: The repository 'https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu focal-backports Release' does not have a Release file.
N: Updating from such a repository can't be done securely, and is therefore disabled by default.
N: See apt-secure(8) manpage for repository creation and user configuration details.
E: The repository 'https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu focal-security Release' does not have a Release file.
N: Updating from such a repository can't be done securely, and is therefore disabled by default.
N: See apt-secure(8) manpage for repository creation and user configuration details.

解决办法

先将https改为http,等apt-get update和重新安装ca-certificates后再改回来,再执行一次apt-get update

步骤一

编辑/etc/apt/sources.list文件,改httpshttp

# 默认注释了源码镜像以提高 apt update 速度,如有需要可自行取消注释
deb http://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ focal main restricted universe multiverse
# deb-src https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ focal main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ focal-updates main restricted universe multiverse
# deb-src https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ focal-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ focal-backports main restricted universe multiverse
# deb-src https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ focal-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ focal-security main restricted universe multiverse
# deb-src https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ focal-security main restricted universe multiverse

# 预发布软件源,不建议启用
# deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ focal-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
# deb-src https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ focal-proposed main restricted universe multiverse

步骤二

执行apt更新和创新安装证书

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install --reinstall ca-certificates

步骤三

/etc/apt/sources.list文件中的httphttps

步骤四

再次更新apt源。

sudo apt-get update
阅读 2491 · 发布于 2022-01-14

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